Grazing land systems are a complex set of interactions among soil, water, air, plants, and animals. The health of these systems is dependent upon human management decisions. The resources that these systems provide include water, wildlife populations, wildlife habitat, mineral deposits, forage, wood, landforms, atmospheric visibility, and biological processes.

Vision – Sustainable grazing lands providing a healthy environment.

Mission – Promote ecologically and economically sound management of all private grazing lands for all their adapted uses and multiple benefits to the environment and society.

  1. Recognition of grazing lands as a major source of watershed filtration, ground water recharge, and carbon sequestration, providing improved water and air quality.
  2. Recognize proper grazing use as the most ecologically sustainable form of agriculture.
  3. Recognize lack of adequate technical assistance as the most limiting factor in implementation of conservation programs efficiently and effectively grazing solution for: continuous grazing; rotational grazing and wet season spelling


Livestock grazing farm



 Grace Land Conservation Scope of  Services

Increase Technical Assistance to :

  • Provide on-ground assistance to private landowners and operators to effectively implement conservation activities and programs.
  • Provide quality watershed level analysis and planning.

Develop technology and conservation tools

  1. Develop and use Ecological Site Descriptions, Forage Suitability Site Descriptions
  2. Support standardization of Ecological Site Descriptions and Forage
  • Site Descriptions technology development and transfer on an Inter-agency and Intra-Agency basis.
  1. Provide development of conservation planning, resource analysis, and decision support tools.


Support Research and Education

  1. Identify economic, environmental and social benefits of grazing land conservation.
  2. Develop applied grazing lands research initiative like communication
  • Cartoon character to Farming  Communities the benefits of Gazing
  1. Identify economic, environmental and social benefits of grazing land conservation.
  2. Develop applied grazing lands research initiative.

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  • Services
  1. Monitor & manage stock numbers
  2. Monitor & manage land condition
  • Use fire as a management tool
  1. Identify and control weeds
  2. Manage feral animals
  3. Prevent erosion.
  • Support Cooperative Conservation
  1. Expanding National Partnerships & Workshops
  2. Establishment of state and local grazing lands coalitions
  • Establishing active coordinators for each state coalition
  1. NGOS Funding Support
  2. Marketing grazing lands success stories
  3. Legislative.
  • Integrated Nutrient Management : Grazing soil


“Biofertilizer” be defined as a substance which contains living microorganisms which colonizes the rhizosphere or the interior of the plant and promotes growth by increasing the supply or availability of primary nutrient and/or growth stimulus to the target crop, when applied to seed, plant surfaces, or soil. Numerous species of soil bacteria which flourish in the rhizosphere of plants, but which may grow in, on, or around plant tissues, stimulate plant growth. These bacteria are collectively known as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Biofertilizers are fertilizers containing living microorganisms, which increase microbial activity in the soil. Often, organic food is included to help the microbes get established.  Important functions of soil microbes:

  1. Convert ambient nitrogen into forms that the plants can use (Nitrate and Ammonia),
  2. Increase soil porosity by gluing soil particles together.
  • Defend plants against pathogens by out-competing pathogens for food.
  1. Saprophytic fungi in the soil break leaf litter down into usable nutrients.

Significance of Biofertilizer :

  • Biological oxidation

Gateway Biofertilizer contains microbial consortium of taxa like  genus Thiobacillus, sulphur oxidizers, which enhance the natural oxidation and speed up the production of sulphates; play important role in the formation of proteins, vitamins and enzymes in plant development. Also, has the capacity for reduced sulphur compounds to the environment. The emission of reduced sulphur compounds to the environment produces corrosion, foul odours and can be toxic under certain condition. Gaseous hydrogen sulphide, H2 S(g) , constitutes the main pollutant in gaseous fuels such as natural gas and bio- gas, and needs to be controlled for its impact on health and the environment. Biological H2 S(g)  treatments are widely used due to their efficiency and economy

  • Heavy metals (HM) Soil Degradation

A plant community called metallophyte flora has developed specialized physiological mechanisms to survive in HM-rich soils. Plant metal absorption can be influenced by soil microorganisms or arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) which are closely related to the plant roots . The importance of this association lies in the fact that the plant transfers carbon products and energy derived from photosynthesis to the fungus, as well as an ecological niche.












Gateway Biofertilizer

Gateway  Bio-fertilizers are microorganisms or a medium that contains microorganisms that helps plant to grow by increasing the quantity of nutrients in a powdery carrier materials produced from anaerobic digeaters. It will be easier to appreciate the importance of bio-fertilizer if we really understand the direct and indirect devastations caused by chemical fertilizers. The OBD-Plus ® microbes as microbial inoculant organisms are commonly used as biofertilizers (Gateway) component are nitrogen fixers (N-fixer), potassium solubilizer (K-solubilizer) and phosphorus solubilizer (P-solubilizer), or with the combination of molds or fungi. Most of the bacteria included in biofertilizer have close relationship with plant roots.  Rhizobium has symbiotic interaction with legume roots, and Rhizobacteria inhabit on root surface or in rhizosphere soil.

Visit , www.aratibiotech.com/climatesmartagricultute.

Video available on You Tube:  Visit: YOU Tube  Aratibiotech Limited https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pG2ODAx3ICY










Gateway  Biofertilizer (25kg Manufactured by Aratibiotech Limited (www.aratibiotech.com)

Benefits of  Aratibiotech  Gateway Bio-fertilizer

  1. The microorganisms in them have the ability to symbiotically relate to the roots of plants, thereby transforming the complicated organic material into basic compound helping the plant to grow and mature in a natural way.  It helps to restore the natural habitat of the soil.
  2. They enhance the colonization of mycorrhizae which improves P supply. Increases soil organic matter and maintains a good soil texture.
  3. Activates soil biologically, restore natural fertility and stimulate plant growth. Increases crop yield by 20-30%. They release nutrients slowly and contribute to the residual pool of organic  N and P in the soil, reducing N leaching loss and P fixation; they also supply micronutrients. Environmentally friendly-does not pollute the environment.
  4. Help to suppress certain plant soil-borne diseases and parasites and they protect against draught.
  5. Improves carbon sequestration in climatic mitigation resulting to improve soil organic matter for soil health & quality.
  • Farmers  Field School (FSS): Ecological agriculture Training












Farmers Field School  training in Minna by Ayodele Otaiku  for 100 farmers  using Biofertilizer  for crop  productions.



  • Food Security and Surveillance

The Bat Hawk was designed for adverse weather conditions. This means that they can be flown in conditions that would ground most other light aircraft of this nature. The large control surfaces produce excellent handling characteristics in adverse weather.   They can also be flown extremely slowly, with a stalling speed of only 38 kts. This is extremely useful when loitering and controlling operations from above. It is also an extremely responsive aircraft and highly maneuverable. This is really useful in anti-poaching pursuit operations.





















The Camit engine can be run on Avgas or conventional 95 octane Mogas.

It has extremely good short-field landing and take- off capabilities. It can get airborne and take-off in less than 70m. Most service roads can be used for landing and taking off. The Climb rate is excellent and obstacles at the end of the runway do not pose a problem.

Source: https://www.bathawk.co.za/








Some of the Bat Hawk’s Uses

  1. Anti-poaching and follow-up patrols.
  2. Patrolling rivers and gathering valuable data on games species for the Scientific purposes.
  • Monitoring and mapping burning programs.
  1. Patrolling the country borders.
  2. Vegetation mapping and erosion monitoring
  3. Regular ranger patrols.
  • Carcass location.
  • Water-point monitoring
  1. Crop Spraying and Aerial Topdressing
  2. Monitoring of rare species.
  3. Scenic Flights for Guests and Tourists
  • Gathering of Scientific data for research purposes.
  • §Radio telemetry and chemical immobilization of animals.








Patrolling Rocky Mountainous Areas


Remote Aerial Surveillance












Aerial/Visible Policing

The South African Police Services has had great success using these aircraft for aerial/visible policing

















Basic Aircraft Cost

The cost of the basic Camit Powered version of the Bat Hawk aircraft is  country dependent and includes :

  1. Hydraulic Disk Brakes
  2. 80ltr Long Range Tank (4 hr endurance 290 nm range 530km)
  3. Racor fuel filter
  4. All Flight and Engine Instrumentation.
  • Environment
  1. Pastoralism in Nigeria faces challenges and these hampers the productivity that consequentially affect the Nation’s economy. Available grazing lands are diminishing at an alarming rate and livestock pathways are blocked through land use, urbanisation and frontiers.
  2. The increase in population, drying of waterholes, shifting in rainfall pattern leading to drought as a result of the changing climate affects both pastoralists and farmers.
  3. The shortage of workers makes the management and enforcement of rules governing the use of the range inefficient .There are no range officers to enlighten the pastoralists about range codes and ordinances.
  4. Erecting or maintaining range infrastructures is delayed or cancelled because equipment to do the work are not available on the reserve.
  5. The role of the government in this onerous task is to attempt at striking a delicate balance among competing land users, without destroying the precarious equilibrium in nomadic pastoral enterprise which can be facilitated by using Air Tractor.
  6. How Shell destroys livelihoods in Niger delta.
  7. Evaluating interdiction of oil pipelines.
  8. Oil Theft in Nigeria.

Evaluating interdiction of oil pipelines
















The Management and Surveying of Endangered or Threatened Game Species

  1. Response to the wildlife poaching crisis in Nigeria. The callous exploitation of Africa’s wildlife is however increasing as is the need to fight the poaching scourge.
  2. This programme is designed primarily around the training of field rangers given that they are the custodians of our protected areas and are more often than not the first line of defence when it comes to protecting our wildlife.
  3. The use of the bathawk and the 200 hours aerial surveillance will conduct the anti-poaching aerial patrols.
  4. The six hour fuel endurance of the Bathawk is essential for surveillance and hot operation pursuits in conservation. “Visibility from the aircraft compares to that of a helicopter but with the added benefit of running at the fraction of the cost.
  5. The quiet noise operation of the Bantam makes it attractive to reserves and National Parks. The aircraft can land and get airborne in less than 100m and its manoeuvrability is phenomenal”.















Environmental  Management

Example Nigeria Ogoniland oil clean-up, Niger Delta























Oil Theft in Niger Delta, Nigeria


  • Agriculture and Rural Development

Fulani herdsmen’s and Nigeria Agriculture

The shortage of workers makes the management and enforcement of rules governing the use of the range inefficient . Interviews reveal that a large number of the Fulani using the range are unaware of these regulations, because there are no range officers to enlighten the pastoralists about range codes and ordinances.









The role of the government in this onerous task is to attempt at striking a delicate balance among competing land users, without destroying the precarious equilibrium in nomadic pastoral enterprise which can be facilitated by using Air Tractor